The events of the New Testament took place all over the Holy Land – but in particular on many of the infamous mountains ranging from Jerusalem's hills up through to the Galilee in the North.
The Judean Mountains – which are also known as the Judean or Hebron Hills – comprise the mountain range surrounding Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Hebron. Within this area, the Mount of Olives – where Jesus ascended to heaven, Mount Zion – where Jesus was arrested, the Garden of Gethsemane, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre are all situated. The Temple Mount is also located here. It is a raised area in the Old City of Jerusalem that was once the location of the First and Second Temples. It is the most sacred site to Judaism and the third most sacred site for Islam, it also serves as a significant site in Christianity because Christianity is based on Judaism and this is where the redemption of sin occured; during the First and Second Temple. Jesus is known to have loved the temple and visited it at least 3 times per year, during the high Jewish holidays such as; Succoth, Passover and Shavuot. The Temple Mount is also believed in Christianity to be a place connected with Armageddon and the return of the Messiah.
Many holy mountains can also be found in the Galilee. Mount Tabor, located in the Jezre'el Valley, has been a significant fortress in various battles over land since ancient times. However, it is most noteworthy for Christian pilgrim groups as the location of the Transfiguration of Christ. Today, the Church of the Transfiguration, the Greek Orthodox Church of St. Elias and the Church of St. Melchizedek can all be found on Mount Tabor. Relatively close by on a hilltop looking out over the Sea of Galilee is the Mount of Beatitudes, traditionally believed to be the spot where Jesus gave His infamous Sermon on the Mount (Mathew 5). Today, the site houses a monastery, hostel, beautifully manicured and maintained church and gardens. It also serves as one of the primary draws for Christian visitors to the Holy Land. Also located in the vicinity of the Sea of Galilee is Mount Arbel. It is best known as a place visited regularly by Jesus due to its proximity to His ministry. Today, the site boasts beautiful views from high-up cliffs looking out over the lake; visitors climbing on foot will reach this incredible site on the same footpaths Jesus is assumed to have used.
Mount Carmel, another holy mountain, is located along the Mediterranean Sea and houses the city of Haifa, the Baha’i Shrine and Elijah’s Cave. This mountain is mentioned throughout the Old Testament as a holy site, but is most famous as the location of the Prophet Elijah’s fire challenge against pagan idols (1 Kings 18:36). Kehilat Ha Carmel, a local Messianic congregation is located on Mount Carmel, as is the cave believed to be Elijah’s one-time residence.